1999-2004 Collection: During this time, I was researching war history. I took several trips to the Normandy region of France to document the remaining modular cast concrete German war bunkers that were used to occupy France during WWII. They were elegant, efficient sculptural designs. They remain as a symbol of occupation, like a scar, and erode into the landscape and have new buildings developing around them. I took hundreds of photos of the bunkers, of eroding boats, and made representational paintings, prints, drawings and sculpture models from the images I saw.